Computer Crimes Act 1997:

It is one of the legal law to reduce cyber crime in Malaysia and this act is related to intellectual property.

Aim of act: “To provide for offenses relating to the misuse of computers”( Lawyerment, 1999-2014)

Function: [2]

  1. Gives protection against the misuse of computers and computer criminal activities.
  2. Users can protect their rights to privacy and build trust in the computer system.
  3. The government can have control at a certain level over cyberspace to reduce cyber crime activities.

The table below is shown that the punishment for those who have overset the rule:[1]

Offenses Penalty
Unauthorized access to computer material Fine not exceeding RM50,000 or imprisonment not exceeding 5 years or both
Unauthorized access with intent to commit or facilitate commission of further offense Fine not exceeding RM150,000 or imprisonment not exceeding 10 years or both.
Unauthorized modification of the contents of any computer (a) Find not exceeding RM100,000 or imprisonment not exceeding 7 years or both

(b) Find not exceeding RM150,000 or imprisonment not exceeding 10 years or both if the act done is with intention of causing injury as defined in the Penal Code.

Wrongful Communication Fine not exceeding RM25,000 or imprisonment not exceeding 3 years or both.
Abetments and attempts Fine to be as for the principal offense but imprisonment not to exceed one half of the maximum term for the principal offense.

More detail: Computer Crimes Act 1997


According to the Merriam-Webster stated that copyright is “not allowed to be copied without permission from the author, composer, etc” .

“The Copyright (Amendment) Act 1997 which amended the Copyright Act 1987 came into force on the 1st of April 1999, to make unauthorised transmission of copyright works over the Internet an infringement of copyright. It is also an infringement of copyright to circumvent any effective technological measures aimed at restricting access to copyright works. These provisions are aimed at ensuring adequate protection of intellectual property rights for companies involved in content creation in the ICT and multimedia environment” (MSC).


  1. Lawyerment. (1999-2014). What is Computer Crimes Act 1997. Retrieved from
  2. Saffian, K. B. (n.d.). Malaysia Cyberlaw. Retrieved from Slideshare:
  3. MSC. (n.d.). Cyberlaws. Retrieved from
  4. Merriam-Webster, Inc. (2014). Copyright. Retrieved from

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